When your nerves, which the brain and spinal cord use to communicate to the rest of your body parts, are diseased or damaged, the condition that they cause is called peripheral neuropathy. These nerves are network-like cables that connect to the brain and spinal cord and then distributed to the rest of your body. Peripheral nerves play a significant role in your body, which is coordination that results in the movement of your muscles and joints and enhances sensational feeling in the arms, legs, and any other body part. Diseased or damaged peripheral nerves interrupt sensational feelings and muscle movements. Alexandria neurology is a hospital with experience in treating, managing and preventing peripheral nerve neuropathy. Types of neuropathy are as follows.
The major types of peripheral neuropathy
Several types of neuropathy emerge from different factors. These types include;
- Polyneuropathy. Polyneuropathy results from multiple causes, and it occurs when 80% of your peripheral nerves all through your body suddenly malfunction. There are a variety of causes that results in polyneuropathy, which includes malnutrition, especially lack of vitamin B and excessive consumption of alcohol. In special cases, people with diabetes have a high chance of getting polyneuropathy. This is because of the high sugar content in your body, which damages your nervous systems. Symptoms include loss of sensation in arms and legs, tingling, numbness, and feeling burn on your hands and legs.
- Mononeuropathy. This state of your peripheral nerves occurs when single nerves of a specific body part are diseased or damaged. Mononeuropathy is typically caused by severe injuries that may result from accidents, trauma, pressure on nerves from wrong lying in bed, and prolonged sitting. Carpal tunnel syndrome is an example of mononeuropathy. It occurs when you cause strain around your wrist. Damaged peripheral nerves can have the following symptoms. Tingling sensation, pain on your finger, numbing, burning sensation on your arm and shoulders.
Below are the causes of peripheral neuropathy in nerves.
What are the causes of peripheral neuropathy?
There are many factors that cause neuropathy. These factors are classified according to how you got the nerve defect. They include;
- Heredity neuropathy. Hereditary neuropathies are rare to find. These conditions are acquired from closer family members. They are genetically inherited from parent to child.
- Idiopathic neuropathy. These types of neuropathies occur from unknown sources. According to research, about twenty percent of peripheral neuropathies are from unknown causes.
- Acquired neuropathy. Acquired neuropathies are caused by known environmental conditions. Factors like illness, trauma, infections, and injuries are the major causes of acquired neuropathies. These causes include medicines, diabetes, drinking alcohol, kidney diseases, infections like AIDs, and high exposure to chemotherapy.
Nerves are naturally networked all over your body from the brain and spinal cord. The spinal cord communicates to your brain, and through the nerves, your muscles can move, and feelings are enhanced. When nerves are diseased or damaged to an extent, they cannot transfer messages from one point to another, the condition is called neuropathy. Factors that cause neuropathy include alcoholism, diabetes, kidney complication, and many more. Neuropathy can be acquired from family members through heredity. This disorder may cause severe problems to you, like loss of sensation if not treated or managed at their early stages. Consult Integrated Neurology Services for more information about the treatment and prevention of neuropathy.