Birth Control Methods You Should Know

When you want to prevent pregnancy and want to use family planning, you must use a birth control method that fits you with no adverse side effects. Memorial City birth control specialists take personalized tactics to women’s health. They work with birth control methods that help to keep you in control of your body.

Types of birth control methods

Hormonal methods

Permanent birth control. This is a surgical method that can produce an egg unable to fertilize a woman or a woman who can ovulate unable to get pregnant. This method is irreversible and is 99% effective.

Birth control pills are taken orally to prevent pregnancy. They are useful, up to 99.9%. However, the medication doesn’t control STIs and STDs, including HIV. It is advised to take the pills at the same time every day.

Birth control pills have some side effects, although they are not very serious. They include mood changes, nausea, lighter periods, and spotting between periods.

The shot is also called Depo Provera injection. The contraceptive is injected every three months. It contains a progesterone hormone. If used correctly, it’s 99% effective and safe to use. The shot thickens the cervical mucus and stops the ovaries from releasing eggs.

Depo Provera injection is useful for women who find it challenging to take a pill simultaneously or forget to take medicine each time they have sex. Women who cannot use contraceptives that contain estrogen can use this injection.

Side effects of birth control injection include headaches, weight gain, and irregular bleeding. It takes one year to regain your fertility after the injection wears off. It might not be the best method for those wishing to have a child soon.

Implants contraceptives are long-term birth control methods for women. An implant is inserted under the skin of the upper arm. It releases a progesterone hormone that thins the endometrium and thickens cervical mucus. A contraceptive implant can serve up to three years. The implant’s side effects include decreased sex drive, dizziness, vaginal bleeding changes, and abdominal pain.

An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small T-shaped copper device put in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. It’s 99% effective and lasts between five to ten years. It can be inserted anytime during your periods and can also be removed at any time, and you can get pregnant immediately.

The IUD releases copper into the womb that modifies the cervical mucus, making it more difficult for sperm to reach an egg. It prevents fertilized eggs from implanting themselves.


Condoms. They prevent pregnancy 98% and are placed on an erected penis to prevent the sperms from penetrating the vagina during ejaculation. Female condoms are put in the vagina and are 95% effective. Condoms are the most accessible and affordable forms of birth control, and they also protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

Fertility awareness. It involves a woman tracking her cycle days through ovulation and note when she is least and most likely to get pregnant. When used correctly, it is 76% effective.

Withdrawal method. It involves pulling out the penis from the vagina during ejaculation. Withdrawal is 73% effective.

If you don’t want to get pregnant any time soon, you can use a birth control method of your choice. You should seek guidance from your doctor to determine which method suits you better with no side effects. At Memorial Women’s Specialists, some specialists will help you with these methods.