Tag: Periodontal Disease

What You Might Not Know About Periodontal Disease

What You Might Not Know About Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a common condition, with about 64 million Americans suffering from it. Although it is common, some people tend to ignore it without knowing that this condition can end in tooth loss or even a more severe condition without proper treatment. That is why Edward Kim, MS, DDS, and the team of periodontal disease specialists at West End Dental are dedicated to helping you manage this condition and understand how you can avoid it in the future.

What it is

Periodontal disease is a group of oral health complications causing inflammation to the gum tissue. If not managed in advance, this condition can destroy your gum and jawbone, causing more serious conditions such as tooth loss.

What Causes Periodontal Disease

Although several factors can contribute to periodontal disease, poor oral hygiene is the main cause of this condition. Besides, if you eat junk food, smoke tobacco, or drink alcohol excessively, your periodontal disease risks are very high.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Depending on the rigor of your condition, you can experience the following symptoms:

  • Spaces start to develop between your teeth.
  • You experience pain that accelerates with chewing or biting.
  • You have bad breath.
  • Your gums begin to bleed easily.
  • Your gums turn purple or bright red.
  • The gums become swollen or puffy.

  Managing the Periodontal Disease

To effectively manage periodontal disease, you need to understand the level of severity you are dealing with. Your provider can help you diagnose your condition to develop the best treatment option suitable for you. Periodontal disease has four stages, gingivitis, early periodontitis, moderate periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.

Gingivitis

This is the most immediate stage of periodontal disease, where most of the symptoms are reversible. Gingivitis is a low-level gum disease that can be managed easily when reported in advance.

Early Periodontitis

At this stage, you are heading for serious teeth problems. Some of the symptoms are not reversible. It’s not about the symptoms causing the discomforts anymore; your teeth at this stage can begin decaying.

Moderate Periodontitis

If your condition has reached this stage, it means that your gums are under attack and your teeth are already weak. Your teeth roots can be exposed at this stage, and you could be subject to severe pain. Although your body may try to recover, you can experience severe inflammations making healing extremely difficult.

Advanced Periodontitis

This being the final stage of periodontal disease means you are experiencing severe complications that will require difficult decisions to manage. You might be experiencing severe bone loss, meaning most of your teeth are at the stake of being lost. Your roots are affected at this stage just like a tree, when the roots are exposed the tree’s survival is minimal, just like your teeth’ survival.

Periodontal Disease Treatment Options

Once your provider understands the stage at which your periodontal disease is, they can recommend several treatment procedures to manage your condition. Your provider can recommend scaling and root planing, a quick outpatient procedure to remove the plaques and tartar build-ups in your teeth and under the gum line. With the strengthening on your tooth’s surface, your gum can heal, reattaching your teeth.

In the severe stages, your provider can recommend a local antibiotic therapy, which involves implanting small beads of antibiotic medications beneath your gums to release infection-fighting medications. This prevents further infections and preserves your oral health.

The West End Dental team of periodontal disease specialists can help you understand more about these conditions and how you can benefit from the treatment options.

Facts You Didn’t Know About Periodontal Disease

Facts You Didn’t Know About Periodontal Disease

Periodontal diseases are one of the most common oral issues affecting patients worldwide. With proper treatment and proper oral hygiene, you will be able to eliminate any developing periodontal disease and maintain a healthy dentition. Dental Studios provides the best Summit periodontal therapy to relieve symptoms of chronic inflammatory periodontal diseases.

Understanding Periodontics

Periodontics is a specialty that involves the prevention, diagnostics, and treatment of dental diseases. Periodontics therapies are usually done to preserve the natural dentition and maintain and improve periodontal health and function.

What to Expect During a Periodontal Examination?

Every visit to the dentist involves a comprehensive periodontal assessment. Your dentist should first discuss your complaint and review your medical and dental history. To assess your current periodontal status, your dentist will perform individual genetic and biochemical tests. The thorough clinical examination may involve additional radiographic analysis to detect non- periodontal oral diseases’ presence and severity and determine the ideal treatment plan for your condition. A periodontal examination may include the following procedures:

  • Assessing the degree of dental and implants mobility
  • Occlusal examination
  • Caries assessment
  • Assessment of the status of prosthetic appliances

Types of Periodontal Diseases

The types of periodontal diseases vary depending on the location and cause of the disease. However, periodontal diseases mostly refer to gum conditions. Some of the common types of periodontal (gum) diseases include:

  • Gingivitis: This is the most common type of gum disease caused by inadequate oral hygiene leading to the accumulation of plaque and bacteria in the gingiva. Gingivitis causes irritation, inflammation, and reddening of the gums.
  • Peri-implant mucositis: This condition affects patients with dental implants. When the soft tissues surrounding the dental implants become infected, inflammation occurs. The leading cause of peri-implant mucositis is poor oral hygiene.
  • Peri-implantitis: This condition is a destructive form of peri-implant mucositis. Inflammation on the soft tissues surrounding dental implants causes alveolar bone loss.
  • Aggressive periodontitis: The progression of this disease causes periodontal tissue loss.
  • Chronic periodontitis: This condition affects the oral cavity and is characterized by chronic inflammation of periodontal tissues. The accumulation of dental plaque causes chronic periodontitis.
  • Necrotizing periodontal disease: This condition is characterized by oral ulceration, causing necrosis.

Treatment Plans for Periodontal Diseases

There is a wide range of periodontal treatment therapies.  Treatment in periodontics usually involves:

  • Patient education: Your dentist will train you on proper personal hygiene practices.
  • Eliminating the root cause of the periodontal disease: Most diseases acquire bacterial plaque and calculus removal.
  • Post-treatment procedures: Your dentist will recommend follow-up visits to evaluate your oral healing progress

Examples of periodontal treatment procedures include:

  • The use of chemotherapeutic agents to reduce and eliminate oral pathogens.
  • Respective procedures to facilitate effective oral hygiene by reducing periodontal pockets, thus reducing plaque accumulation.
  • Various gum procedures, for example, gingivectomy and genioplasty.
  • Periodontal regenerative procedures, for example, soft tissue grafts and bone replacement grafts.
  • Periodontal reconstructive procedures, for example, sinus grafting
  • Periodontal plastic surgery to correct soft tissue defects
  • Occlusal therapy
  • Selective tooth extraction
  • Tooth replacements using dental implants

It is essential to preserve your smile’s integrity by maintaining proper oral hygiene to prevent the development of periodontal diseases. To learn more about periodontal diseases, contact The Dental Studios by phone or schedule an appointment online today.