Diabetes mellitus, also known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease. It occurs when one’s body cannot process blood glucose. The condition is related to the hormone insulin. High blood glucose levels can have serious consequences and contribute to many other diseases. Diabetes can impact the functioning of other key organs, including kidneys, heart, and nerves. Below is an overview of the types and symptoms and when you need to see a doctor for diabetes in Rockville.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the body destroys insulin-producing cells. This is also called juvenile diabetes and is often detected in kids and younger adults. Patients who have Type 1 diabetes need to take insulin daily. The second type of diabetes is called Type 2. This happens when the body cannot make enough insulin or is resistant to the hormone. Type 2 diabetes is more common and can affect people of all ages. There is also something called prediabetes, which is the stage before Type 2 diabetes. Some women may have diabetes during their pregnancy, which is known as gestational diabetes.
Symptoms and Risks
There are some common tell-a-tale symptoms of diabetes, including increased thirst, unexplained fatigue, blurred vision, weight loss, feeling hungry all the time, and dry mouth. If you have diabetes, you may have dry skin and can be prone to UTIs. There are a few risk factors, such as having a family history of diabetes, damage to the pancreas, stress, obesity, high blood pressure, high level of triglycerides, and age. People of some races are more predisposed to type 2 diabetes than others. Smokers and women with polycystic ovary syndrome are more at risk.
When to See a Doctor
If you have a family history of diabetes and are over 25 years of age, you need to check with your doctor for a blood glucose test. Endocrinologists specialize in the treatment of diabetes, and they can guide on the treatment options. The sooner you get diagnosed, the earlier you can expect to minimize the damage. Type 2 diabetes can be managed considerably with lifestyle changes. Your doctor may recommend a diet plan and exercise. People who have diabetes should get some exercise every single day.
In Rockville, you can find many clinics that specialize in diabetes treatment and management. Don’t forget to follow your treatment and make sure that you schedule regular checkups with your doctor for revising treatment protocols.